Gerald M. Stokes

Professor and Chair
Department of Technology and Society
SUNY Korea


Personal Web sites:




Ph.D. Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago

Research Interests:

Climate change science, mitigation, impacts and adaptation; Smart grid; Carbon capture and utilization; Energy technology strategies


Dr. Stokes became the Chairman of the Department of Technology and Society at SUNY Korea In August of 2019. Prior to that he was Research Professor in the Department of Technology and Society, Stony Brook University, where he also served as the graduate program director.

Dr. Stokes came to SBU following his retirement from Battelle Memorial Institute and after serving as an Associate Laboratory Director at Brookhaven National Laboratory. He was President and CEO of Battelle-Japan and the founding director of the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a collaborative effort between the Pacific NW National Laboratory (PNNL) and the University of Maryland.

He went to PNNL in 1976 as a post-doc and went on to lead the Applied Physics Center, the Global Change Initiative and served as Associate Laboratory Director and head of the Environmental and Health Sciences Directorate. While at PNNL he also was the first Chief Scientist of the Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program and led the End Use Load and Conservation Assessment Program for the Bonneville Power Administration. He is a member of Sigma Xi and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and currently serves the external advisory board of the Global CO2 initiative based at the University of Michigan.

Current research:

The primary focus of Dr. Stokes current research is what he terms the “End Game” of carbon emissions mitigation. This refers to the fact that net carbon emissions must go essentially zero, if not negative, if we are to stabilize greenhouse gas emissions consistent with the goals of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Achieving emissions reductions will become harder and harder as time goes on. This means that the nations of the Earth must adopt an “all of the above strategy” in which all economically practical solutions must be pursued. As such, he and his team have focused research on carbon capture and utilization, renewable integration through the smart grid, nuclear power, the role of the developing world in emissions mitigation and the States of the United States as laboratories for carbon mitigation strategies.

PhD Supervision:

At SBU, Dr. Stokes has advised one PhD to completion – Dr. Sungjin Kim – Spring 2019

He is currently supervising three SBU PhD candidates – Mohammed Osman, Raphael Apeaning, and Md. Nabil Haque – Dr. Gang He is the co-advisor for Mr. Osman and Mr. Apeaning.


At Stony Brook Dr. Stokes has taught:

EST 601: Grand Challenges

EST 625: Advanced Theory and Practice in Technology and Policy

EST 692: A PhD research Seminar

And specialized PhD seminars on “Next Generation Regulatory Reform” and “Technology Society and Carbon”


In Fall 2019 he will teach “EST 692: A PhD research Seminar” at SUNY Korea